Apple II Plus Rev 7 RFI
To do: Add note for RAs. Each has a 'dot' on the part and PCB to determine Pin1. RA01 has the Pin1 towards the slots. RA02 and RA03 have Pin1 towards the keyboard. RA01 has the silk screen border around all pads for the part. RA02 and RA03 has the silk screen border around only the inner 6 pads. Pin1 and Pin8 are outside the boarder.
Mention "A good loupe is recommended for helping identify and confirm parts, like the markings on some small caps. It also helps with soldering inspection. An illuminated 40 x 25mm and a 35 x 50mm loupe are well worth the investment and can be had for under $10 each on eBay."
The parts included with your v1.0 kit and the PCB have basic labels. There are 2153 pads which need to be soldered. Those with intermediate knowledge should have little trouble assembling the kit from the labels on the parts, the bag, and the PCB. The images of the motherboard can also be used for reference or determine orientation, such as the diodes.
Some care does need to be taken when installing capacitors and diodes however.
If your kit includes Aluminum or Tantalum capacitors, or "caps" for short, then be sure to install them in the correct orientation. The PCB will be clearly marked with "+" signs for all cap locations when the orientation of the part matters, or a polarized part is normally used. Sometimes a non-polarized part is used in place of a polarized one and then its orientation does not matter. However install a polarized cap backwards and you will damage it. An Aluminum Electrolytic will have a strip pointing to the NEGATIVE end lead. A Tantalum Electrolytic will generally have a marking or stripe to denote (not always pointing to) the POSITIVE lead.
All caps will have value markings on them. "106" is 10uF, and "104" is .1uF. 10uF is also physically a lot larger than .1uF. This should help identify the two ceramic caps in the kit. They along with the Electrolytic caps can also clearly be seen in the assembled pic above.
A diode also has a marking on it, and needs to be installed correctly as it only allows current to flow in one direction. Install it backwards and you won't usually damage it, however the circuit will no longer operate as intended. They can also clearly be seen in the assembled pic above.
Your kit may include resistors. If so they could be the less precise "4 band" style which are typically 5% tolerance. Or the more precise "4 band" style which are typically 1% tolerance. Here are some charts on how to read them to help make matching locations on your PCB more easy.
Rev 7 RFI Limits
- Color: It's known that the Rev 7 RFI is limited to color monitor options. You can use any composite Apple monitor for text. However color is limited. The "ColorMonitor IIe" does not display color at all for example. You're best bet for NTSC color is an off-brand LCD monitor for CCTV systems which accepts composite. Night Owl and TomTop.com both sell an 8" and 10" LCD display that has been reported to work very well.
- Character Generator / Video ROM (location: A5): The ROM on the Rev 7 RFI board is pinned for a 2716 EPROM. A 2732 also works as however the A11 address line is held 'high' on the motherboard, so only the 'top' half of the ROM is used. When programming a 2732 the firmware is loaded in to address 0800-0FFF.
Also note worthy is the speed of the ROM used. Some ROMs with an access time of 350nS tend to cause artifacts on the screen when used. 300nS or better should be used. It has been getting harder to find 250-300nS speed grades for 2716 EPROMs, so 2732 ROMs are used to address this issue.